60 years of Diabetes Care, Research, Education & Training in Diabetes
Diabetologists and Endocrinologists (DE) are medical doctors who investigate, diagnose and treat disorders of the endocrine system
This page provides useful information on the nature of the work, the common procedures/interventions, sub-specialties and other roles that may interest you.
Nature of the work
The main glands of the endocrine system are the adrenal glands, ovaries and testicles, pancreas, pituitary gland and thyroid gland. These glands secrete hormones (chemical messengers) into the blood or lymph which have an effect on specific organs of the body.
Endocrinology and diabetes is predominantly an outpatient specialty but a number of patients require hospital admission for complex investigations or the management of complications. Furthermore, at least 15% of hospital inpatients have diabetes or other endocrine conditions. Increasingly, hospital-based specialists manage diabetes patients jointly with colleagues in primary care and training has been adjusted to reflect this.
Endocrinologists and Diabetologists treat conditions such as:
Diabetes mellitus thyroid disease
Polycystic ovarian syndrome and reproductive disorders
Bone and calcium disorders
Programmed investigations for complex endocrine disorders
Pre and post-operative management of endocrine patients and patients with diabetes
Management of diabetic and endocrine emergencies such as ketoacidosis and hypercalcaemia
Management of diabetes and endocrine conditions during pregnancy
Many endocrinologists and diabetologists develop sub-specialty interests such as:
Diabetes in pregnancy
Paediatric and adolescent diabetes and endocrinology